blog Sharing notes with the internet
Posts with the tag openbsd:

OpenBSD Weechat Question Mark Message Separator Fix

I just solved what was becoming a very aggravating issue thanks to the help from the folks in the #weechat channel in Libera.Chat. On OpenBSD, my weechat client would put a question mark to separate the nicks and the messages sent with a question mark instead of a pipe-looking character like it should. It looks like this was caused by opening weechat without having the correct locale set. By default, OpenBSD uses a locale of C, which only supports ASCII characters.

Creating an OpenBSD Wireguard VPN Gateway

A couple of years ago I published a blog post about creating an OpenBSD VPN gateway using OpenVPN. I've recently switched from an OpenVPN-based VPN provider to one that uses Wireguard. As a result I've had to redo my VPN gateway. I'll only be highlighting the things I've changed since the last setup in this post, so please refer to the previous post for more details. One advantage this iteration has over the previous one is that it no longer requires third party software to be installed on the OpenBSD router.

Dynamic Tracing on OpenBSD 7.3

A couple years ago a new device silently entered the OpenBSD source tree. The dt(4) device first appearing in OpenBSD 6.7 with very sparse information. In the releases since, it's gained quite a bit of functionality and now has tools to manipulate it properly. The documentation has gotten better over the last couple years, but there isn't much info about how to leverage it to do anything useful. The dt pseudo device driver is connected to /dev/dt, which is used to interact with the device through ioctl calls.

Mounting FreeNAS Shares on OpenBSD

This is something that took me a while longer to figure out than I'd like admit, and I was only able to figure it out because of a forum post. For whatever reason, I'm only able to mount the share if used the TCP option. I'm not sure if this is a me issue, an OpenBSD issue, or a FreeBSD issue, but I'm putting it out there in case anyone else runs into the same problem.

How BSD Authentication Works

History The way OpenBSD authenticates users is quite different from other Unix-like operating systems. Most other systems like AIX, Solaris, Linux, the other BSDs, and MacOS, use a framework called Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM). The two main implementations are Linux PAM and OpenPAM. PAM modules are created as dynamically loaded shared objects, which communicate using a combination of common and implementation specific interfaces (Linux-PAM and OpenPAM). It's configured using the pam.

Creating a VPN Gateway with OpenBSD 6.7

The Problem Say you have an account with a VPN provider. Maybe there are a limit to how many connections you can have with one account. Maybe you want to put more machines than you have connections on the account. Or maybe you want to put a large number of machines of the connection, maybe some FreeBSD Jails, LXC containers, or VMs, and you don't want to download the VPN profiles, sign in and configure them all individually.

Fixing OpenBSD 6.7 httpd MIME Types

On OpenBSD's httpd, there are only a select few MIME types that are recognized by default. According to httpd.conf(5), those types are: ext/css, text/html, text/plain, image/gif, image/png, image/jpeg, image/svg+xml, and application/javascript. Everything else is said to be of type application/octet-stream by default. This is OK for most static hosting situations, but can be challenging for some common attachment types. For example, I recently made a blog post that had an attached PDF.

Talk: An Introduction to OpenBSD

I recently gave a talk at work to help introduce OpenBSD to my colleagues. It's a broad introduction to the fundamentals of security in OpenBSD, as well as some basic system administration tips and suggestions anyone coming from a Linux background might find useful. It's roughly split up into four sections; the history of OpenBSD, what sets it apart from other operating systems, a guided installation, and the system administration introduction.

Compiling Rakudo Star on OpenBSD 6.7

EDIT: After writing this post, tyil, the maintainer of rakudo star, reached out to me and added proper OpenBSD compatibility. The portion of this post dedicated to working around the failing downloads can now be ignored, and rstar now includes a warning if the user doesn't have a login class set. EDIT: The development version of Rakudo Star targets Rakudo 2020.07 instead of 2020.02, which has uses even more memory than the staff login class is allowed.

Setting up a DHCP server on OpenBSD 6.7

OpenBSD makes a great router. It's simplicity and ease of configuration makes it perfect for network infrastructure applications. Everything you need to build a network of any size is built into the base system, plus its man pages and examples cover everything you'd need to know. While I've been an OpenBSD user for years, I'm finally in the process of replacing the router provided by my ISP with a PC Engines APU2E4 running OpenBSD.